Wood Duck

47–54cm (18–21in). Medium-sized surface-feeding duck with a crested head. Male has a unique green, white and purple
pattern on head and crest. Female is brownish, with a wide white eye ring that tapers to the rear.

The male Wood Duck is perhaps the most striking of all North American ducks. With its bright plumage, red eye and bill, nd its long sleek crest that gives its head a helmet-shaped profile, the male is unmistakable. It is related to the Mandarin Duck of Asia.

 The Wood Duck is very dependent on mature swampy
forestland. It is typically found on swamps, shallow lakes, ponds,
and park settings that are surrounded by trees.

 Although it adapts to human activity, it is quite shy. When swimming, the Wood Duck can be seen jerking its head front to back.

 Of all waterfowl,this is the only species that regularly raises two broods each season.The male's call is a rising whistle, "jeeeeee"; the females utter a drawn-out, rising squeal, "do-weep do-weep," when flushed, and a sharp "cr-r-ek, cr-e-ek" for an alarm call.

Male gives a wheezy upslurred whistle zweeet; female’s call a double-note, rising oh-eek oh-eek.

Nests in natural tree cavities or nest boxes in close proximity to water; 10–13 eggs; 2 broods; April–August.


 Forages for seeds, tree fruits, and small acorns; also spiders, insects, and crustaceans.

 rapid flight with deep wing beats; flies with head up; leaps straight off the water.

Wings raised, a male reveals one of the only plain areas of its plumage—its pale belly and underwing.

Usually found throughout the year, along rivers, streams, and creeks, in swamps, and marshy areas. Has a preference for permanent bodies of water. 

If good aquatic feeding areas are unavailable, the Wood Duck feeds in open areas, including
agricultural fields.